Hours of Service
On June 1, 2020, FMCSA revised the hours of service (HOS) regulations to provide greater flexibility for drivers without adversely affecting safety. Motor carriers are required to comply with the new HOS regulations starting on September 29, 2020, not before.
Register for HOS Final Rule Question and Answer Webinar
On July 8, 3:30-4:30 p.m. EDT, FMCSA will host a webinar to answer questions about the new HOS final rule. We encourage attendees to watch the recorded HOS presentation, and then submit questions here.
Register for the question and answer webinar.
What is Changing?
1. Short-haul Exception
Expands the short-haul exception to 150 air-miles and allows a 14-hour work shift to take place as part of the exception.
2. Adverse Driving Conditions Exception
Expands the driving window during adverse driving conditions by up to an additional 2 hours.
3. 30-Minute Break Requirement
Requires a 30-minute break after 8 hours of driving time (instead of on-duty time) and allows an on-duty/not driving period to qualify as the required break.
4. Sleeper Berth Provision
Modifies the sleeper berth exception to allow a driver to meet the 10-hour minimum off-duty requirement by spending at least 7, rather than at least 8 hours of that period in the berth and a minimum off-duty period of at least 2 hours spent inside or outside the berth, provided the two periods total at least 10 hours, and that neither qualify period counts against the 14-hour driving window.
Learn More About The Final Rule
Who Must Comply?
Most commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers must comply.
In general, a CMV is a vehicle that is used as part of a business and is involved in interstate commerce and fits any of these descriptions:
- Weighs 10,001 pounds or more
- Has a gross vehicle weight rating or gross combination weight rating of 10,001 pounds or more
- Is designed or used to transport 16 or more passengers (including the driver) not for compensation
- Is designed or used to transport 9 or more passengers (including the driver) for compensation
- Is transporting hazardous materials in a quantity requiring placards
Note: All of the following information provides guidance on the hours of service rules that are applicable through September 28, 2020. Starting on September 29, 2020 the revised provisions of the HOS final rule, published on June 1, 2020, will take effect.
Hours of Service Final Rule for Truck Drivers
The Hours of Service of Drivers Final Rule was published in the Federal Register on December 27, 2011. The effective date of the Final Rule was February 27, 2012, and the compliance date of remaining provisions was July 1, 2013.
NOTICE: The Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act of 2015 was enacted on December 16, 2014, suspending enforcement of requirements for use of the 34-hour restart, pending a study. Based on the findings from the CMV Driver Restart Study, the 34-hour restart rule in operational effect on June 30, 2013, is restored to full force and effect. The requirement for two off-duty periods of 1:00 a.m. to 5:00 a.m. in section 395.3(c) of the Agency’s hours-of-service rules will not be enforced, nor will the once-per-week limit on use of the restart in 395.3(d).
Summary of the Hours of Service Regulations
- Click here for a full Summary of the Hours of Service Regulations for Property and Passenger Carrying Drivers
Hours of Service: How Familiar Are You? Webinar
The FMCSA hours of service (HOS) rules are designed to eliminate the type of drowsiness that can lead to crashes. Although many commercial motor vehicle (CMV) drivers feel that they know when they are getting drowsy, various laboratory tests have shown that persons are not good at estimating their own drowsiness.
The following topics are discussed in the "Hours of Service: How Familiar Are You?" webinar:
- Purpose of the Hours of Service Rules and Regulations
- Drivers' Responsibilities
- Carriers' Responsibilities
- Property Carrier Hours of Service Driving Time Limits
- Passenger Carrier Hours of Service Driving Time Limits
- Acceptable Recording Methods
- Important dates and deadlines for Electronic Logging Devices (ELDs)
- Limited Exceptions to the Hours of Service Rules and Regulations
Hours of Service Live Question and Answer Session
The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s (FMCSA) hour-long Hours of Service (HOS) Question and Answer Session allowed participants the opportunity to submit HOS related questions and have them answered by FMCSA’s HOS subject matter experts Tom Yager, Chief of the Driver and Carrier Operations Division, and Peter Chandler, Lead Transportation Specialist in the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Passenger Carrier Division.
The HOS Question and Answer session addressed the number hours that a commercial motor vehicle (CMV) driver may be on the road, the HOS exemptions, and the number of hours a CMV driver may be on duty before a required period of rest. In addition, the session addressed the permitted driving time based on a driver’s on-duty hours in a “work-week”.
"Hours of Service Live Question and Answer" Session transcripts